Dandelions manipulated to have compound leaves showed irregular leaf
form and did not flower.
Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Web.).
hooded gene (bkn3, barley knox3) derived from barley. This
gene is in the group of knox1 homeobox genes that have been found
to be involved in the formation of compound leaves in other plants. The
gene was fused to the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV-35S) promoter so
that the gene would be expressed in all parts of the plant.
Induce dandelion plants to make compound (divided) leaves instead of
simple, lobed leaves as it normally does.
Transgenic plants expressing the transgene did form compound leaves.
The compound leaves were highly irregular in form.
Meristematic (embryonic tissue) areas were present on the leaves and
in some cases developed into rosettes. In other words, little plantlets
grew out of the leaves.
The transgenic plants did not flower.
Müller, K., X. He, R. Fischer, and D. Prüfer (2006). "Constitutive
knox1 Gene Expression in Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale,
Web.) Changes Leaf Morphology from Simple to Compound," Planta
vol. 224, pp. 1023-7.
Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology, Aachen,
Germany; Institute for Biochemistry and Biotechnology of Plants,
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Münster, Germany; Department of Plant
Molecular and Developmental Biology, Peking University, China.
Basic research; not for product development.
Copyright 2008 The Nature