Unintended Effects of Genetic Manipulation
A Project of The Nature Institute
We have collected examples from the scientific literature, primarily from
peer-reviewed journals, on unintended effects of genetic manipulation. We
have written short reports about each example. These are ordered and
can be searched according to different categories (see below).
We present examples of a wide
array of different kinds of unintended effects. This compilation is by no
means exhaustive and the literature still to be reviewed is extensive. We
will continue to add reports over time. We encourage readers to alert
us to mistakes and also to notify us of unintended effects documented in
the scientific literature that we have not taken into account; contact
The listing here covers only part of the literature up through 2009. For
some more recent information, please see
For important explanations and background information, see
"Understanding the Unintended Effects of Genetic Manipulation".
For examples offering an overview of the findings reported on this website, see
"Some Examples of Unintended Effects of Genetic Manipulation".
Choose any of the following categories to begin your search:
TYPE OF UNINTENDED EFFECT
Search by specific
, which include insect and herbicide resistance,
altered morphology, nutritional enhancement, and so on.
MOST RECENTLY ADDED REPORTS
SEARCH the entire "Unintended Effects of Genetic Manipulation" website.
(Use your browser's back button to return to this page.)
PLEASE NOTE: IN ORDER TO AVOID MISSING A LARGE PERCENTAGE OF THE RELEVANT
FILES, CLICK ON "REPEAT THE SEARCH WITH THE OMITTED RESULTS INCLUDED" AT
THE END OF THE LAST PAGE OF SEARCH RESULTS.
View a bibliography of articles
discussed, ordered alphabetically by first author. Each bibliographic
entry is linked to one or more individual reports.
View a bibliography of overview publications
concerning unintended effects.
View a collection of articles on the broader issues of genetics and genetic engineering
written by Nature Institute staff members Craig Holdrege, Steve
Talbott, and others.
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