The following websites include information about genetic
engineering. Some of the organizations are proponents of commercialized
genetic engineering, others are critical of it. We list the
organizations alphabetically, and inclusion in this list does not mean we
endorse the organization.
Quoted text below is taken directly from the website or other PR material
of the listed organization.
"The website provides articles by scientists, science educators, and
science students on issues related to seven bioscience challenges:
environment, biodiversity, genomics, biotechnology, evolution, new
frontiers in science, and bioscience education. In addition, the website
provides educators with original lessons and resources to enhance
"AGBIOS is a Canadian company dedicated to providing public policy,
regulatory, and risk assessment expertise for products of biotechnology."
The company's website contains an extensive bibliographic database,
articles, and a database of genetically modified crops. However, it
excludes many authorities who have reached conclusions critical of GM
Ag BioTech InfoNet
"Ag BioTech InfoNet covers all aspects of the application of
biotechnology and genetic engineering in agricultural production and
food processing and marketing. Our focus is on scientific reports and
findings and technical analysis, although the page also covers emerging
issues of widespread interest, developments in the policy arena, and
major media coverage."
Bioscience Resource Project
An open-access, advertisement-free science website that provides news and
information about food and agriculture and its impacts on the environment
Biotechnology Industry Organization
"BIO is the world's largest biotechnology organization, providing
advocacy, business development and communications services for more than
1,150 members worldwide. Our mission is to be the champion of
biotechnology and the advocate for our member organizations — both
large and small."
An activist organization promoting the labeling of GM crops, the
preservation of organic standards, and the regulation of products of
biotechnology. It seeks to engage the public in "grassroots political
Center for Food Safety
The center "works to protect human health and the environment by curbing
the proliferation of harmful food production technologies and by promoting
organic and other forms of sustainable agriculture." It provides
information, pursues legal actions, and enlists the public in action
This widely known organization publishes Consumer Reports
A section of its website is devoted to genetically engineered foods.
"Consumers Union advocates mandatory safety approval before any
genetically engineered food is put on the market — contrary to the
system of voluntary safety consultations currently used [by] the Food
and Drug Administration (FDA)."
Council for Responsible Genetics
The Council publishes GeneWatch
, "America's first and only magazine
dedicated to monitoring biotechnology's social, ethical and environmental
consequences." It has programs on "Biotechnology and Agriculture" and
"Genetic Determinism," among others. (This GeneWatch
should not be confused with the GeneWatch UK organization listed below.)
"CropChoice is an alternative news and information source for American
farmers and consumers about genetically modified crops, corporate
agribusiness concentration, farm and trade policy, sustainable
agriculture, wind farming and alternative energy, and rural economic and
"The Institute focuses its efforts on understanding and sharing
information about environmental, human rights and human health, and
economic impacts of technology and intellectual property policies. The
current emphasis of its programs is on: (a) biosafety and the
legally-binding international regulation of modern technologies, b)
intellectual property rights and just policies for the maintenance and
protection of biodiversity, including policies that foster recognition
and sustenance of agricultural biodiversity, and (c) exploration of
the ethical implications of new technologies."
GeneWatch UK "monitors developments in genetic technologies from
a public interest, environmental protection and animal welfare
perspective. GeneWatch believes people should have a voice in whether
or how these technologies are used and campaigns for safeguards for
people, animals and the environment. We work on all aspects of genetic
technologies—from GM crops and foods to genetic testing of humans."
GM Contamination Register
GeneWatch UK and Greenpeace International launched this joint
initiative in 2005 to record all incidents of contamination arising
from the intentional or accidental release of genetically modified
(GM) organisms (which are also known as genetically engineered (GE)
Greenpeace International—Genetic Engineering
One of the campaigns of Greenpeace focuses on genetic engineering. The
organization disseminates reports and press releases, and organizes
actions to ensure that genetically engineered products are adequately
tested and labeled. The above link is for Greenpeace USA. There are also
websites for many other countries—for example, in Europe:
International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA)
The ISAAA "is a not-for-profit organization that delivers the benefits of
new agricultural biotechnologies to the poor in developing countries.
It aims to share these powerful technologies to those who stand to benefit
from them and at the same time establish an enabling environment for their
"The Non-GMO Project is an initiative of the North American organic and
natural product industry to create a standardized definition of non-GMO
and a third-party verification program to assess product compliance with
this Standard. The Project’s Product Verification Program is entirely
voluntary, and participants are companies who see the value of offering
their customers a verified non-GMO choice."
Organic & Non-GMO Report
This site provides information and other resources to help food producers
respond to the challenges of genetically modified organisms (GMOs),
particularly in relation to food. Published
monthly, the Organic & Non-GMO Report
provides a digest of
the global GMO food debate. Articles focus on markets for non-GMO
products, research showing impacts of GMO crops on human health and
the environment, GMO contamination of organic crops (and strategies to
minimize contamination), regulatory and GMO food labeling news, GMO crop
developments, and consumer opinions.
The Organic Center
An organization seeking to promote the conversion of agriculture to
organic methods. It aims to "generate credible, peer reviewed scientific
information and communicate the verifiable benefits of organic farming and
products to society." The website contains many reports on findings in
the technical literature as well as commentaries and lists of resources.
Organic Consumers Association
"The OCA deals with crucial issues of food safety, industrial agriculture,
genetic engineering, children's health, corporate accountability, Fair
Trade, environmental sustainability and other key topics. We are the only
organization in the US focused exclusively on promoting the views and
interests of the nation's estimated 50 million organic and socially
Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology
The Initiative on Food and Biotechnology completed its work in 2007, and
its various reports, press releases, fact sheets, and other texts are
available on the website.
Physicians for Social Responsibility (Oregon Chapter)
Oregon PSR's Campaign for Safe Food works to establish an agriculture and
food supply that does not use genetically modified organisms. It
coordinates a nationwide coalition opposing recombinant bovine growth
hormone (rBGH or rBST) in dairy products.
Physicians and Scientists for Responsible Application of Science and Technology (PSRAST)
PSRAST aims "to protect DNA, the 'blueprint of life', from being
seriously damaged or altered." Toward this
end, the organization presents information on its website about the
risks of genetic engineering.
The website is associated with the book, Seeds of Deception
Jeffrey M. Smith, which is regarded by many as the most powerful and
complete documentation of the risks of genetically engineered products.
Includes radio interviews, speeches, access to books and films, and much
True Food Network
"Established in 2000 as a means to engage non-farmers in the
struggle against genetically engineered crops, the True Food Network is
now a 40,000 member network dedicated to stopping the genetic engineering
of our food, farms and future, and working with others to create a
socially just, democratic and sustainable food system." The Network is
now associated with the Center for Food Safety.
Union of Concerned Scientists
"Sustainable agriculture practices can protect the environment and produce
high-quality, safe, and affordable food. Our goal is to promote such
practices while eliminating harmful CAFOs (confined animal feeding
operations) and strengthening government oversight of genetically
engineered food." The Food and Agriculture section of the UCS website has
news, technical reports, position papers, and more.
Zukunftsstiftung Landwirtschaft (Foundation on Future Farming)
"The Foundation on Future Farming supports the pioneering of ecologically
and socially sustainable agricultural projects. It is also active in the
public debate with the goal of promoting and developing the role of
organic farming as the model for future agricultural policies." The
website is mainly German-language.
UN and US Government Websites
Information Systems for Biotechnology
Part of the US Department of Agriculture-sponsored National Biological
Impact Assessment Program, this website operated by Virginia Polytechnic
Institute "provides information resources to support the environmentally
responsible use of agricultural biotechnology products. Here you will
find documents and searchable databases pertaining to the development,
testing and regulatory review of genetically modified plants, animals
and microorganisms within the US and abroad."
United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization—Biotechnology
This website contains many papers relating to biotechnology, and
particularly to the risk assessment of genetically modified crops.
US Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health
The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the USDA
regulates the import and export of genetically modified organisms and
their introduction into the environment. It focuses upon the potential
of such organisms to become agricultural pests. The website contains
information, regulations, and databases on these topics. APHIS also
participates in programs that employ biotechnology to identify and
control plant and animal pests.
US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)—Biopesticide Regulation
Official website of the US government agency responsible for regulating
biopesticides. Provides information about policies, regulations,
enforcement actions, approvals for product testing and commercialization,
and so on.
US Food and Drug Administration—Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition—Biotechnology
This website contains FDA announcements regarding biotech food and drugs,
consumer information, regulations and safety guidance, and transcripts of
FDA testimony before Congress and other organizations.
World Health Organization—Biotechnology
"WHO has been addressing a wide range of issues in the field of
biotechnology and human health, including safety evaluation of vaccines
produced using biotechnology, human cloning and gene therapy." Reports on
the website include the 2002 "WHO Study on Modern Food Biotechnology,
Human Health and Development."